All - I'm looking out the window of my office at home right now. I can see Mt Mansfield and Vista Peak. I can also see the forest that's adjacent to our house and a meadow where I hope to do some research this summer. What I don't see is anything green. Even though the spring semester is almost over, will spring ever come? (The forecast for the next few days suggest not…). This question got me thinking more about phenology - the timing of ecological events.
This past week, I gave a lecture on how an ecologist like me goes about studying the consequences of ongoing climate change, with the hope of predicting future consequences and helping to develop policy or plans to mitigate its impact. Many of you have probably heard about this already, but one consequence of climate change is phenological mismatch, that is, a mismatch in the timing of ecological events. Say, for example, that a pollinator emerges in the spring, only to find that none of its flowers are blooming. My friends Paul CaraDonna and Amy Iler work at the Rocky Mountain Biological Lab and are experts on exactly this issue and have shown a wide variety of consequences of phenological shifts.
But not only are plants flowering at different times (usually earlier), but they're also moving up in elevation. In an amazing study from 302 summitsin Europe, led by another friend - Sonja Wipf - researchers have documented that the number of plant species on the tops of mountains are increasing, and dramatically. From 1957-1966, the number of species on mountain tops increased by about 1 species. But, from 2007-2016, the number has increased by about 5.5 species. What are the consequences of these new, additional species for how these mountain top communities work? That's an open question that an ENVS student might pursue for her capstone thesis some day (hint, hint).
So, plants are flowering earlier, and some are moving up mountains (and of course, others are declining dramatically in abundance). But climate change is also leading to whole-sale shifts in broad-scale patterns of vegetation. If you've ever driven on I-40 or I-70 from the eastern US to the western US, you'll remember (perhaps not fondly) that about when you hit central Oklahoma or Central Kansas, things get pretty dry. It turns out that John Wesley Powell was the first to describe this hard boundary, running north and south along the 100th meridian. But, over the past 150 years or so since Powell wrote about it, that boundary has actually shifted to the east by about 140 miles. This will have considerable effects on how agriculture is practiced (or not) in the coming decades in America's breadbasket.
An ecologist like me can document these kinds of patterns, make graphs, do statistics, and write papers for journals that few people ever read. But there are cascading consequences of these changes, not just for the rest of biodiversity, but for people as well. So how do we understand what those effects are? How do we engage policy makers to effect change? Someone with my training struggles to do that. But, someone who engages in systems thinking, who knows about policy and activism and journalism and engages humanity from diverse perspectives, who has some ecological know-how and can sit down at the table and engage with stakeholders and speak up for the disenfranchised and the forgotten, those are the people who can move us forward on this ever-changing planet. The people who can do that are interdisciplinary thinkers; I'm of course speaking of students in and from our Environmental Program. The more I think about what our students do, the more hopeful I am, both about those plants that are flowering too soon or moving up mountainsides, and about all of us.
Happy Friday -
Hi all -
I sometimes feel like I repeat myself in some of these Friday emails. But some things are worth repeating. For instance, the breadth of scholarship that our faculty continue to turn out continues to impress me.
Here's a smattering of papers, just in the past couple of weeks, from faculty in Our Environmental Program. I'm sure I'm missing some stuff. If I am, please let me know!
Cecilia Danks and colleagues published a paper in Forest Products Journal on relationships among pellet mills, home-owner satisfaction, and all of the moving pieces that come between the mills and homeowners in New England.
Abstract. Our study examined relationships among pellet mills, bulk delivery companies, and high-efficiency pellet boiler equipment firms in northern New England as they relate to homeowner satisfaction, using social network analysis and the concept of supply chain management. The continual growth of supply and demand for automated pellet heating requires a careful match between innovative technologies and homeowner needs; these involve multiple factors and require collaboration among firms. Using interview data with managers from pellet mills, bulk delivery companies, and equipment firms in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont, we found fifteen firms that are connected through both a transaction network and an informal business interaction network. The networks were characterized by short paths and no obvious sign of centralization. Network statistics reported for each network included density, clustering coefficient, and degree-, closeness- and betweenness- centrality. Most firms in the supply networks shared customer satisfaction information (average number of information sending ties = 3) and considered collaboration in customer services important (mean = 4.4, on a five-point scale). However, equipment firms initiated more information sharing than other types, and bulk delivery companies were in the best position in the supply network to promote collaborative customer services. Opportunities exist to improve communication between pellet mills and equipment firms, leading to a robust automated pellet heating supply chain, strong demand, and subsequent homeowner satisfaction.
Brendan Fisher, his PhD student Hilary, and a veritable who's who of conservation scientists have an interesting paper on the intersections among environmental challenges, economics, psychology, and decision making. The paper is published in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, and maybe you can see it here. It's called Nudging pro‐environmental behavior: evidence and opportunities.
Abstract. Human behavior is responsible for many of our greatest environmental challenges. The accumulated effects of many individual and household decisions have major negative impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem health. Human behavioral science blends psychology and economics to understand how people respond to the context in which they make decisions (eg who presents the information and how it is framed). Behavioral insights have informed new strategies to improve personal health and financial choices. However, less is known about whether and how these insights can encourage choices that are better for the environment. We review 160 experimental interventions that attempt to alter behavior in six domains in which decisions have major environmental impacts: family planning, land management, meat consumption, transportation choices, waste production, and water use. The evidence suggests that social influence and simple adjustments to decision settings can influence pro‐environmental decisions. We identify four important gaps in the evidence that provide opportunities for future research. To address these gaps, we encourage collaborations between researchers and practitioners that look at the effects of embedding tests of behavior‐change interventions within environmental programs.
Brendan has another paper in Frontiers entitled Stranded capital: environmental stewardship is part of the economy, too. I personally think that last comma is superfluous, but grammar scholars can agree to disagree.
Abstract. The many values that humans place on biodiversity are widely acknowledged but difficult to measure in practice. We address this problem by quantifying the contribution of marine‐related environmental stewardship, in the form of donations and volunteer hours, to the economy of coastal Massachusetts. Our conservative evaluation suggests that marine stewardship activities contributed at least $179 million to the state economy in 2014, a figure that exceeded revenues derived in that same year from commercial finfish operations ($105 million) and whale watching ($111 million), two acknowledged cornerstones of the regional economy. Almost imperceptibly, the coastal economy has been transformed from one dependent on commercial exchange to a diverse economy that includes, to a large measure, marine stewardship. Donations and volunteer efforts are useful indicators of environmental values that can be hard to quantify,and represent one measure of human determination to protect the planet.
Jon Erickson has a paper in the journal Global Environmental Change about the accumulation of Phosphorus in Vermont from 1925 to 2012. The paper is entitled Phosphorus flows and legacy accumulation in an animal-dominated agricultural region from 1925 to 2012, and it's here.
Abstract. Phosphorus (P) is a scarce but critical input for agriculture, yet its overuse can lead to water quality degradation. Most P applied as fertilizer and manure binds to soils, accumulating over time, constituting a legacy source with implications for mitigating nutrient pollution. To investigate how the flows and balance of P evolved over a period of rapidly changing technology, agricultural practices, and land cover, we modeled P flows in Vermont’s dairy-dominated agricultural system at county- and state-levels from 1925 to 2012. An important dairy exporter, Vermont faces water quality challenges complicated by a mismatch between the scale of the market and that of policymaking, a common occurrence in export-oriented agricultural regions. Over the period analyzed, agricultural soils accumulated at >1000 tonnes of P annually, accruing a legacy stock >230,000 tonnes. The peak surplus of 4439 tonnes occurred in 1950, declining to 1493 tonnes per annum in 2012. Legacy P accumulation at the state-level ranged from <1 to> 16 kg ha−1, depending on year and measurement method. The decline in total P surplus reflects an 82% decline in fertilizer use that was partly offset by an increase in animal feed imports, the largest source of P entering Vermont since 1982. Despite declining inputs, milk output doubled, evidence of increased P use efficiency. Simultaneously, animal unit density increased by >250%, enabled by rising feed imports. While feed is imported and milk exported, manure remains in Vermont; hence, Vermont soils continue to accrue legacy P at rates > 5 kg ha−1, undermining efforts to reduce P runoff and achieve water quality targets. We discuss the governance, management, and policy implications, outlining opportunities to improve input accountability to address the persistent P imbalance. We highlight constraints facing regional policymakers due to increased embeddedness in commodity trade networks.
Jon has another important paper in Ecological Economics entitled Genuine Economic Progress in the United States: A Fifty State Study and Comparative Assessment. It's here.
The Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) was designed to reveal the economic, social, and environmental trade-offs associated with conventional economic growth as traditionally measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Although originally designed for use at the national scale, an interest has developed in the United States in a state-level uptake of the GPI to inform and guide policy. This study presents the first fifty-state estimate for U.S. GPI in order to address questions over its design, implementation, and ultimate potential as a tool to guide state level economic policy. Following a review of the current state of analysis and critique of GPI, we provide an overview of methodology and database development. Results are then presented, including discussion of lessons learned through a fifty-state application. The paper concludes with suggestions for further research and next steps to consolidating a consistent methodology.
Regardless of what the weather is like outside, it certainly feels like spring semester is barreling toward its finale. By my count, there are only five weeks left in the semester. Yikes! (And Yay!)
This is the time in the semester when we start to hear about our students who are receiving prizes and recognition. And indeed, some of our faculty are too. So let me share some good news with all of you.
Ian Worley (Professor and Director Emeritus) is set to receive the Sally Laughlin Award, which is given to a Vermonter who has shown extraordinary leadership throughout their career in protecting our state's most vulnerable species. The state's Endangered Species Committee voted unanimously to recommend him. I can't think of anyone who is more deserving.
Ali Wood (CAS ENGL/ENVS double major) and Julia Wood(CAS ECON major, ENVS minor) were recently elected to the prestigious honor society Phi Beta Kappa. If you're not aware of this society, this is a big deal.
Phi Beta Kappa is the oldest and most prestigious academic honor society in the United States. Founded in 1776 at the College of William & Mary, it recognizes outstanding performance in the liberal arts and sciences and derives its name from the Greek phrase Philosophia Biou Kybernetes: “Love of wisdom is the guide of life.” Approximately 10 percent of US colleges and universities shelter a Phi Beta Kappa chapter, and approximately 10 percent of students at those institutions are invited to join. Membership in Phi Beta Kappa is a rare honor, and academics and employers recognize it as a mark of intellectual breadth and exceptional academic performance.
The chapter sheltered at the University of Vermont—the Alpha of Vermont—was chartered in 1848, making it the eleventh chapter of Phi Beta Kappa. It has a rich history in its own right, being the first chapter in the nation to elect women and African Americans to membership, which it did in the 1870s. Since 1848, approximately 4,200 UVM students have been inducted.
--From the Phi Beta Kappa page at UVM
Sabrina Smith (CAS ENVS) is going to receive the "Outstanding Service-Learning Student Award." She was nominated by Brian Tokar for "her strong role in supporting a new SL course, including serving as point of contact for three community partners, supporting students in project management and tracking, developing critical reflection assignments and synthesizing themes in student reflective work, and supporting the instructor to more deeply understand student needs and student experience in service-learning."
And finally, though this isn't an award, it certainly is news worth sharing. On Thursday, March 29, 2018, 13 UVM students met with Governor Phil Scott for 30 minutes at the State House to urge him to sign pending gun control legislation and consider banning assault weapons. Students told personal stories of how gun violence has personally affected them since they were children. They also shared their research on gun control laws in other countries like Japan. Governor Scott discussed his concerns about mental health problems among schoolchildren, the impact of social media on bullying, and the proliferation of violence and anger in our society. He asked students for their advice. The meeting was organized by first-year environmental studies major Emma Radeka, who “just had to do something” after the Parkland, Florida school shooting. The 13 students are all enrolled in ENVS 195: Environmental Policy, Media Literacy and Activism taught by Trish O'Kane.
All - I generally like meeting new people. Two weeks ago, in Costa Rica, a met an older couple from Houston, Texas. He worked on oil platforms his whole life, and his wife was really into herbal medicines. They were an odd couple, in a lot of ways that I won't go into here. But when I met them at a smoothie bar, we became fast friends. We chatted for a while, and when they found out I was an ecologist, they mentioned that they had hired a guide to take them on a night walk near Manuel Antonio National Park. I jumped at the opportunity to tag along with them, and I'm glad I did. I saw a Fer-de-lance and my first coral snake among many many other cool things. I think if I'd have met that couple at, say, Nectar's, I'm not sure I would've struck up a conversation with them. But something about being in Costa Rica, and about our shared love of tropical biodiversity (and watermelon smoothies) brought the three of us together, and we had a grand time.
I'm always fascinated by how seemingly different people, with some common interest, connect with one another. At the University of Tennessee, people all over the state, regardless of politics, class, or whatever, loved the Tennessee Volunteer football team. 100,000 people would fill the stadium on Saturdays in the fall. Millions more would watch them on tv.
But this email isn't about Costa Rica or college football. It's about Our Environmental Program and how it unites people across campus. On Monday, Dean Bill Falls and Lise Larose organized a meeting with a bunch of faculty from Arts and Sciences, Brendan Fisher, and me to talk about the future of Environmental Studies at UVM. It was an amazing meeting. There were faculty from Economics, Physics, Biology, Classics, and Political Science, just to name a few departments. But we were all there, united by our common interest in Our Environmental Program. I'm prone to hyperbole, but this was one of the most invigorating meetings I've been to at the University of Vermont. There were a million ideas floated around about ways to enhance and diversify the curriculum, to enrich the experiences of our students, to facilitate research and scholarship among faculty and students, and so much more. I hope there are more meetings like this on the horizon (I can't believe I'm hoping for more meetings, but if they're like this one, I do want more of them).
So, thanks Bill and Lise for organizing. And thanks to the CAS faculty who came and are excited about engaging more with the students and faculty in Our Environmental Program. I think that there are exciting days ahead.
Happy Friday -
When I remember my time in college, I was pretty disengaged with the rest of the world. If I wasn't studying or working, I was probably, at best, hiking or fishing, or at worst, wasting my time with friends or just wandering around bookstores in Boulder.
But I'm blown away by how engaged students in our Environmental Program are. I met a student this week who is driving to Alaska to campaign against a potential dam building project this summer. I learned about Amanda Morelli ('17) who now works at Clark University in the Multicultural and First-Generation Student Support Office. Spending her junior year in Guatemala and her interactions with the Mosaic Center for Students of Color at UVM "confirmed that [she] was on the right track and that racial justice, youth development, and immigrant/refugee related services" was what she was most passionate about.
Several students in Trish O'Kane's class published Op-Eds in the past week or so. Zoe Spett has a piece in the Burlington Free Press on F-35's. Amanda Duffy has an op-ed on school safety. Jillian Scannel has an essay on engaging in democracy. And Trish just shared this with me:
A student in this same class--a freshman--just informed me last week that she has arranged a meeting with our governor on March 29 to talk about gun control. She'll be taking 20 students from the class. These young people are blowing me away. Something is happening here...something very, very good. Just had to share this. It is so thrilling to see their voices in major media.
I'm sure there are other examples of our students engaging with the world in important ways. But I'd be remiss if I didn't mention how proud I am of our students (and others) who have been so involved in fighting for racial and social justice, diversity, and inclusion on campus over the past several weeks, and longer. The fight isn't over, by any means.
This will sound corny, but I'm going to say it anyways. When I feel myself starting to lose hope, that we'll never dig ourselves out of this hole we've dug for ourselves, I seek out stories about our students, the ones who are effecting change and fighting the right fights, for all of us. Whether it's the incredible students from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High, or our own students on campus, we should be proud that they are engaging, and we should do all we can to support them.
I really don't like to talk about myself, but I am going to for about two sentences as a launching off point for the rest of the story. I learned yesterday that I've been elected to be a Fellow of the Ecological Society of America for research that increases our "understanding about causes and consequences of biodiversity change … from local to global scales." Since the announcement, it's been great to receive congratulatory notes from so many friends, colleagues, and former students. But, many of the previous fellows are pretty old, so it makes me feel like I'm getting to be pretty old.
But I bet well over 90% of the research I've done has been in collaboration with students (including many undergraduates), postdocs, or collaborators around the world. I wanted to tell you about some of my amazing students and collaborators.
Some of you might have seen Case Prager and Xin Jing in Bittersweet. They're postdocs working mostly on how biodiversity effects the functioning of ecosystems. Kenna Rewcastle is a new PhD student in Rubenstein who works on nutrient cycling and climate change. All three are rising stars and are co-advised by Aimée Classen, who is also a close collaborator in ecology, but a closer collaborator in life (she and I are married, FYI).
Nick Gotelli in Biology here at UVM is one of the world's best (and most famous) ecologists, and he and I have worked together since about 1999 on literally dozens of scientific articles. He's a great friend and wonderful mentor, and a big part of the reason I'm at UVM.
Rob Dunn was my first postdoc. He's now a best-selling author, renaissance thinker, professor at North Carolina State University, and my closest collaborator. He is a blast to collaborate with and even more fun to play ping pong with.
I have learned so much from my former PhD students - Matt Fitzpatrick, Lara Souza, Greg Crutsinger, JP Lessard, Mariano Rodriguez-Cabal, Katie Stuble, Lacy Chick, Quentin Read, and Chelsea Chisholm. Each of them continues to make important scientific contributions, and each has become a life-long friend.
Former Masters students like Windy Bunn work for the National Park Services. Jarrod Blue is an environmental lawyer. Jaime Ratchford, Josefine Møller, and Emilie Elten are all working for state agencies.
And of the dozens of stellar undergrads I've worked with over the years, a handful stand out. Raina Fitzpatrick spent the last two summers with us in the Rockies. She's not only a family friend now, but a brilliant chemist. Johannah Reed studied hemiparasitic plants and is going to be a wildlife biologist. Kerri Crawford is now a professor of ecology at the University of Houston, and a rockstar. Raynelle Rino works on social justice issues in the Bay Area. I could list a dozen or so more, but will pause here.
The work I do now is largely collaborative, but only with collaborators that I enjoy as people. Life's too short to work with people whose company you don't enjoy. And any time I collaborate, I always make sure my collaborators (or students) are smarter than I am (which isn't that difficult), because I want to learn something from every collaboration. Indeed, one of my favorite aspects of this job is collaborating with smart fun people. So, for those of you thinking about what comes next in life consider doing what I did - find a way to surround yourself with smart, fun people who will teach you something and make you laugh frequently.
Happy (snowy) Friday -
This has been one of those weeks when I've absolutely loved being a Professor at the University of Vermont and a member of our Environmental Program.
My class is humming along at full speed, and students are contacting me outside of class to talk about research opportunities in ecology and environmental studies. Yesterday, I talked with a couple of colleagues about an exciting study abroad program in Central America that will appeal to many of our students. This morning, I had a coffee with my friend and colleague Nick Gotelli (Biology, College of Arts and Sciences) to talk about a whole host of things. I also got to meet prospective students and their parents and tell them about our interdisciplinary, independently designed program, opportunities for internships, our team of advisors, and more. One of the parents I met today is an alum (class of '80), so I got to hear wonderful stories about life in the early days of the Program with Carl Riedel, Ian Worley, Tom Hudspeth and others.
Just now, I've come from a meeting with Rachelle Gould, Aimee Classen, Brendan Fisher from Rubenstein and Beverly Wemple and Cheri Morse (Geography Department, College of Arts and Sciences) where we shared our own research and explored the intersections of human well-being, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and ecosystem functions in mountain landscapes around Vermont. It's going to evolve into an exciting cross-campus research program, supported initially by a Gund Catalyst grant.
So it's been a good week of teaching, thinking about new courses, meeting prospective students (and their parents), and collaborating across campus on an exciting project - some of the many reasons I love being a part of the Environmental Program at UVM.
Happy Friday -
You might remember that last fall, I sent around an email about Alexander Pyron's views on biodiversity. His essay in the Washington Post was entitled "We don’t need to save endangered species. Extinction is part of evolution." As you can imagine, that essay by Pyron elicited some response, some of which I discussed a couple of months ago. But here's my favorite response so far. It's by the amazing Carl Safina (author of books such as A Sea in Flames, Voyage of the Turtle, Eye of the Albatross, and Song for the Blue Ocean). I really encourage all of you to go read it (it's also pasted below).
And if you'd like to study biodiversity (or other current and future environmental challenges), don't forget about the Ian Worley Awards! You can get up to $7500 for your research and scholarship, as long as you are an imaginative undergraduate Environmental Studies major or minor, an undergraduate enrolled in any 200‐level ENVS course, or a UVM faculty member who regularly teaches Environmental Studies courses.
I'm a firm believer in the value of getting undergraduate students engaged in research and scholarship early in their time at the university. It's important for a whole host of reasons. It increases retention and enhances complex problem-solving skills in students. And, well, undergraduates often make amazing discoveries that lead to academic articles. In fact, one of the things I'm most proud of in my career is that I've published 22 peer-reviewed papers with undergraduates as co-authors.
I also think getting students doing research and scholarship is important because it was important for me when I was an undergrad. I wouldn't be where I am now if I hadn't started doing research in the lab and field with David Dussourd and Deane Bowers when I was an undergraduate.
The Environmental Program has supported undergraduate research for many years. But I'd like to announce today that we're increasing our support. This year, we will make available nearly $50,000 to support environmentally related research and scholarship by undergraduate students at the University of Vermont. There are several awards this year, but today I'm just going to tell you about my favorite one, the Ian Worley Award. (Note that the forms and deadlines on our website are outdated). Please share this with your colleagues, students, classes, and others.
The Ian Worley Award
These awards foster and celebrate creative, integrative, imaginative, and innovative approaches in addressing current and future environmental challenges.
Who can apply? – Any imaginative undergraduate Environmental Studies major or minor, undergraduates enrolled in any 200‐level ENVS course, and UVM faculty members who regularly teach Environmental Studies courses.
What projects can I propose? – You may propose any creative or innovative project, whether in art, education, journalism, activism, community partnership, or academic research, etc., that addresses an environmental issue. We invite you to propose projects with new and even untested paths of mind and thought that address critical responses to persisting environmental ills or the sudden appearance of unforeseen threats, and/or the enhancement of flourishing environments and Earth’s well-being. Check out the projects of previous winners, and use these themes as guiding principles:
– New paths of mind and thought
– A broadly interdisciplinary approach
– Creative, integrative, imaginative, and innovative approaches – The potential to be a catalyst for change
How much can I ask for? - Anywhere between $500 and $7500. Multiple awards may be given.
When's the deadline? - Apply by March 23 to receive full consideration, though some applications may be considered throughout the spring semester.
How do I apply? - Send a single .pdf or .docx file to Nathan.Sanders@uvm.edu with Ian Worley Award in the subject line.
The proposal should have the following format:
1) A Cover sheet that indicates: a) name of project, b) name of proposer, c) contact information, d) faculty sponsor, if you are a student, e) proposed budget total, f) any additional funding support, g) project timeline.
2) A project description with details on the proposed project or idea, not more than 2 single-spaced pages in 11 pt font. The description should explain how the idea meets the award criteria, why the applicant is prepared and qualified to carry out the project, expected timeline and outcomes. You should include enough detail so the project is clear and understandable to the ENVS award review committee.
3) A budget description that includes an overview paragraph with budget rationale, and a detailed budget, line by line, of all equipment, items, travel, etc. necessary to complete the project. Proposed award budgets must be between $500-7,500 total. If additional funds are necessary to complete the work, explain how you will obtain them.
4) An equipment and necessary facilities description, if appropriate. State how these items will be obtained, and if costs are involved how those costs will be paid.
4) Letter of support from faculty sponsor (if a student proposal) indicating strengths of the idea and willingness to serve as sponsor, not more than 2 paragraphs long. This can be emailed separately to the Program Director if the letter writer prefers.
5) A resume of the proposer not more than 2 pages long.
6) Additional supporting and explanatory documentation is welcome, if concise. Check with the Program Director for appropriateness.
Note: If your project or creative activity involves human or animal subjects, we will need documentation for IRB clearance.
For questions on the application process, allowable expenses, or review process, please contact Nate Sanders, Director of the Environmental Program, Nathan.Sanders@uvm.edu (ie, me).
We hear a lot about the collapse of pollinators in the news (and probably in our courses too).
And we should. About 75% of all crops globally rely on pollinators. But most of the attention of late, at least in the US, has focused on the honeybee, Apis mellifera. We should be concerned about their potential decline, for sure. But, here's an important perspective published in Science magazine last week by a friend of mine from Denmark that I think many of you will enjoy reading. I've pasted the text below, and the citation for those of you who are interested.
(And I hope you all don't mind if I occasionally use this forum to share research and policy that are likely relevant to this community).
Happy Friday -
Conserving honey bees does not help wildlife
Juan P. González-Varo
Science 26 Jan 2018:
Vol. 359, Issue 6374, pp. 392-393
If you would like to work with Nate
Please email him a summary of your research experience and research goals, along with a CV.